Yesterday, I participated in an interview-debate on TRT World television, which is Turkey’s first international English-language news network with a global audience of over 260 million households. The debate was part of The Newsmakers, which is TRT World’s flagship current affairs programme, and focused on the fight against corruption in the light of the 24-year sentence imposed to Park Guen-Hye in South Korea.
Over the course of the debate, I had the opportunity to focus on several key issues such as the necessity of fighting against corporate corruption through a multidimensional approach (i.e., criminal investigations and prosecutions; transparency of the administrative processes; cultural changes; a new social pact).
I also stressed the importance of the risks connected with the potential distortion consisting of using the fight against corruption as an instrument to get rid of political opponents (e.g, see the Chinese experience) and related to the use of exemplary punishments for the sake of general deterrence.
Another point I decided to stress was related to the very corporate structure that characterizes Korean enterprises, which are known as “chaebols.” As I have already argued in a previous article, their extremely hierarchical structure fosters unswerving loyalty and passive acceptance of corporate misconduct. Such an issue should be addressed by the South Korean government.
Finally, I openly supported the emerging idea of considering corruption as a violation of human rights. In that regard, it is exemplary that, under the presidency of Barack Obama, one of the strategies of the White House was to work “within the broader international system, including the U.N., G-20, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the international financial institutions, to promote the recognition that pervasive corruption is a violation of basic human rights and a severe impediment to development and global security” (see the U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY 2010).
Please find the video of the interview-debate below.